Basic Types

Even though variables do not need to have their types defined for primitive data, different types still exist, and variables need their type defined if you are going to assign them to an object and if you plan to use the variable to access some of the object's properties.

Primitive types

Primitive types are types that do not need variables to be typecasted anyhow. This includes:

  • Numeric values: 1, 24.3, 3.14
  • Strings: "a", "abc"
  • Booleans: TRUE, FALSE (which aren't anything different than the numerical values 1 and 0)
  • Null: null

You can simply assign them to your variable, and access the variable's contents.

In particular, notice how lists (/list) aren't considered a primitive type. Even though assigning a list to a var won't cause an error normally, it's bad practice to not typecast it since a list is essentially an object. You also won't be able to access list methods and properties on a non-typecasted list.

Null (null) is considered a primitive type because it can be assigned to any var, and since null basically means no value you aren't going to access any of its properties since it has none.

Object types

Object types are the core of any object oriented programming language like DM. These will be covered further later.